Chapter 4 – Taking Your Photography To the Next Level

As the shutter speed increases the amount of light decreases

Figure 21. As the shutter speed increases the amount of light decreases

The size of the hole of the diaphragm controls how much light comes into the camera just like the size of your pupil in your eye.

Figure 22. The size of the hole of the diaphragm controls how much light comes into the camera just like the size of your pupil in your eye.

As the size of the aperture increases the amount of light increases

Figure 23. As the size of the aperture increases the amount of light increases

As ISO settings increase, the sensor’s light sensitivity increases

Figure 24. As ISO settings increase, the sensor’s light sensitivity increases

As ISO settings increase, the amount of digital noise in your image increases

Figure 25. As ISO settings increase, the amount of digital noise in your image increases

Exposure Triangle

Figure 26. Exposure Triangle

Natural light examples: A. window/side light B. midday light from above C. shade light

Figure 27. Natural light examples: A. window/side light B. midday light from above C. shade light

Waterfall photographed at 1/15th of a second

Figure 28. Waterfall photographed at 1/15th of a second

The faster the shutter speed, the less motion blur is captured

Figure 29. The faster the shutter speed, the less motion blur is captured

Shallow depth of field (left) and deep depth of field (right)

Figure 30. Shallow depth of field (left) and deep depth of field (right)

Depth of field changes due to focal length. 24mm (deep depth of field), 70mm (medium depth of field), 135 mm (shallow depth of field).

Figure 31. Depth of field changes due to focal length. 24mm (deep depth of field), 70mm (medium depth of field), 135 mm (shallow depth of field).

Relative distance to the camera impacts depth of field. Greater relative distance results in shallower depth of field.

Figure 32. Relative distance to the camera impacts depth of field. Greater relative distance results in shallower depth of field.

dSLR lenses have a focus ring that allows you to manually focus the lens. The lens on the right has a distance scale and an ultrasonic motor.

Figure 33. dSLR lenses have a focus ring that allows you to manually focus the lens. The lens on the right has a distance scale and an ultrasonic motor.

Shot taken in green auto mode (left) versus shot taken with single focus point selected to allow focus on object in background (right)

Figure 34. Shot taken in green auto mode (left) versus shot taken with single focus point selected to allow focus on object in background (right)

 View inside an eyepiece of a camera with 9 focus points

Figure 35. View inside an eyepiece of a camera with 9 focus points

Example of zone focusing options

Figure 36. Example of zone focusing options

Head Shot taken with center focus point on the nose, soft focus on eye.

Figure 37. Shot taken with center focus point on the nose, soft focus on eye.

Shot taken with center focus point on eye closest to the camera, focus on eye is sharp, but composition is weak.

Figure 38. Shot taken with center focus point on eye closest to the camera, focus on eye is sharp, but composition is weak.

 Frame filled with subject using focus and recompose technique, focus on eye is sharp, composition is strong.

Figure 39. Frame filled with subject using focus and recompose technique, focus on eye is sharp, composition is strong.

\ Focus and recompose series with correct technique used

Figure 40. Focus and recompose series with correct technique used

 Subject out of focus due to incorrect focus and recompose technique

Figure 41. Subject out of focus due to incorrect technique

Focus and recompose technique with objects in your home

Figure 42. Focus and recompose technique with objects in your home

Move your focus point to where you want your moving subject to be in the frame

Figure 43. Move your focus point to where you want your moving subject to be in the frame

>> Chapter 5 – The Exposure Triangle

Facebook Share|Tweet Post|Email Post|Contact Me