Chapter 4 – Taking Your Photography To the Next Level
Figure 21. As the shutter speed increases the amount of light decreases
Figure 22. The size of the hole of the diaphragm controls how much light comes into the camera just like the size of your pupil in your eye.
Figure 23. As the size of the aperture increases the amount of light increases
Figure 24. As ISO settings increase, the sensor’s light sensitivity increases
Figure 25. As ISO settings increase, the amount of digital noise in your image increases
Figure 26. Exposure Triangle
Figure 27. Natural light examples: A. window/side light B. midday light from above C. shade light
Figure 28. Waterfall photographed at 1/15th of a second
Figure 29. The faster the shutter speed, the less motion blur is captured
Figure 30. Shallow depth of field (left) and deep depth of field (right)
Figure 31. Depth of field changes due to focal length. 24mm (deep depth of field), 70mm (medium depth of field), 135 mm (shallow depth of field).
Figure 32. Relative distance to the camera impacts depth of field. Greater relative distance results in shallower depth of field.
Figure 33. dSLR lenses have a focus ring that allows you to manually focus the lens. The lens on the right has a distance scale and an ultrasonic motor.
Figure 34. Shot taken in green auto mode (left) versus shot taken with single focus point selected to allow focus on object in background (right)
Figure 35. View inside an eyepiece of a camera with 9 focus points
Figure 36. Example of zone focusing options
Figure 37. Shot taken with center focus point on the nose, soft focus on eye.
Figure 38. Shot taken with center focus point on eye closest to the camera, focus on eye is sharp, but composition is weak.
Figure 39. Frame filled with subject using focus and recompose technique, focus on eye is sharp, composition is strong.
Figure 40. Focus and recompose series with correct technique used
Figure 41. Subject out of focus due to incorrect technique
Figure 42. Focus and recompose technique with objects in your home
Figure 43. Move your focus point to where you want your moving subject to be in the frame